The Pacific Equatorial Forests, along with the rest of the coastal forests of Ecuador, is considered the most punta galera PDF tropical forest in the world and is part of the Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena biodiversity hotspot. Ecuador, almost all occurring during the last three generations.
Författare: Massimiliano Melilli.
The Pacific Equatorial Forests is bound by the shores of the Pacific Ocean to the west and the peaks of the long and narrow Jama-Coaque Coastal Mountain Range, which stretches along the coast at an average distance of 10 km inland. The Pacific Equatorial Forest extends as far south as Cabo Posado, at 0 degrees and 22 minutes south of the equator, and as far north as Pedernales, at 0 degrees and 3 minutes north of the equator. The core area of the Pacific Equatorial Forest covers two counties, Jama and Pedernales, in the northwest of the province of Manabí in Ecuador. The Pacific Equatorial Forest is subject to what is known as a tropical monsoon climate.
This complex climatological effect is multiplied by the Jama-Coaque Coastal Mountain Range, whose sharp changes in altitude so close to the ocean account for wide variations in precipitation in very small expanses of land. Starting in late December, a change in atmospheric pressure shifts ocean currents so that warm waters come closer to shore and displace the cold waters. During this time, air and water temperatures, tides, sea levels and wave heights, and relative humidity all rise. These conditions produce heavy rainfall that used to last through August, but now usually only lasts into May. Rain during the rainy season is punctuated by sunny weather.
The dry season, which now begins in June or July and lasts sometimes into mid January, is characterized by cooler temperatures and more overcast skies. In the Pacific Equatorial Forest, which is located in between these two extremes, precipitation primarily varies according to elevation and proximity to the ocean. In the premontane cloud forest along the peaks of the coastal mountains, which strip wáter from the nearly constant cloud cover, annual precipitation is 2,000-3,000 mm, and the vegetation is green and lush year-round. Red-Masked Parakeet, Pale-browed Tinamou, Pacific Pygmy Owl, Esmeralda Woodstar hummingbird, Gray-backed Hawk, Guayaquil Woodpecker, Pacific Royal-Flycatcher, Plumbeous Kite, Rufous-headed Chachalaca, and the Chocó Toucan. A small path leading under the canopy of this tropical rainforest. The primary cause of deforestation in the region is the conversion of native forest into cattle pasture, a process which is aided by illegal logging and slash-and-burn agriculture.
Due to the high rate of endemism, the mass elimination of forest habitat in the Coastal region over the last half-century represents one of the greatest species extinction events in history. The human consequences of regional deforestation have likewise been significant. Whereas three generations ago the rainy season lasted eight months per year and the dry season four, that ratio has inverted, and now the rainy season barely lasts four months, followed by eight months of drought. 1,000 acres, 500 acres, and 1250 acres respectively. The Three Forest Trail, established in 2010, is a 25-km-long trail that connects the dry forest of the Lalo Loor Dry Forest Reserve with the rainforest of the Jama-Coaque Ecological Reserve via the cloud-forested mountain ridges.
The trail is meant to function as an incentive for conservation, as all forest owners along the trail receive a percentage of the trail fees. However, the vast majority of the Pacific Equatorial Forest remains unprotected and continue to be logged and cleared for agriculture and cattle ranching. A small tropical tree in the Pacific Equatorial Forest. A bird’s eye view above the tall trees and evergreen forest. A densely packed area of jungle. Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Wildlife at the Lalo Loor Dry Forest Reserve.
Rain Frogs and a Slug-Sucking Snake New to Science but Nearly Extinct”. Causes and consequences of deforestation in Ecuador”. Centro de Investigacion de los Bosques Tropicales. Con nueva emergencia agrícola se enfrentará la sequía”. Ministry of the Environment, Republic of Ecuador. Italia appartenente all’arcipelago delle Egadi, in Sicilia.