A Roman-era bust of Athenian General Themistocles, based on a Greek original, in the Museo Archeologico Ostiense, Ostia, Rome, Italy. A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the ritratti PDF and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. Most early representations that are clearly intended to show an individual are of rulers, and tend to follow idealizing artistic conventions, rather than the individual features of the subject’s body, though when there is no other evidence as to the ruler’s appearance the degree of idealization can be hard to assess.
Författare: Pippo Onorati.
Per un anno Pippo Onorati e il suo staff di redattori, fotografi, registi, operatori, hanno girato l’Italia, da Aosta a Trapani, da Cagliari a Trento, per fotografare più di 500 lavoratori e farsi raccontare in video la loro storia: persone normali, giovani e vecchi, donne e uomini, protagonisti del passato e del presente. Il risultato di questo viaggio è un ritratto inedito e straordinario degli ultimi cento anni del nostro Paese. Ritratti è un’opera artistica dalla forza straordinaria, un libro di fotografie e testimonianze. Ma è anche una mostra itinerante, 222 pannelli in formato gigante che sono in tournée per le principali piazze d’Italia. E una serie di 100 documentari, ognuno incentrato su un personaggio, un territorio, un avvenimento, una vita. Il progetto Ritratti. 100 anni di Italia attraverso volti, storie, testimonianze, ricordi dei lavoratori nasce da un’idea: lasciar parlare la vita atraverso il lavoro, e i lavoratori attraverso le loro storie. Raccontare in un diario lungo un secolo le quotidianità e le passioni, le battaglie e le conquiste, i problemi e le nuove istanze: accanto agli operai di Torino ci sono i cassintegrati di Termini Imerese, alle rivendicazioni degli anziani si affianca la precarietà dei giovani. Così, le contraddizioni e le somiglianze emergono dal semplice accostamento dei personaggi: il prete operaio innamorato delle donne, i fratelli pasticceri orgogliosi di perpetuare la tradizione familiare, l’avvocatessa e autista di autobus arrivata a un bivio professionale, l’operaia del triangolo del salotto che non può permettersi una casa da sola. Un mondo del lavoro variegato, tracciato con pennellate leggere e poetiche dai volti e dai racconti dei protagonisti, che si rivolgono al cuore e alla testa dei lettori.
Some of the earliest surviving painted portraits of people who were not rulers are the Greco-Roman funeral portraits that survived in the dry climate of Egypt’s Fayum district. The art of the portrait flourished in Ancient Greek and especially Roman sculpture, where sitters demanded individualized and realistic portraits, even unflattering ones. During the 4th century, the portrait began to retreat in favor of an idealized symbol of what that person looked like. Moche culture of Peru was one of the few ancient civilizations which produced portraits. These works accurately represent anatomical features in great detail. The individuals portrayed would have been recognizable without the need for other symbols or a written reference to their names. The individuals portrayed were members of the ruling elite, priests, warriors and even distinguished artisans.
One of the best-known portraits in the Western world is Leonardo da Vinci’s painting titled Mona Lisa, which is a painting of Lisa del Giocondo. When the artist creates a portrait of him- or herself, it is called a self-portrait. Identifiable examples become numerous in the late Middle Ages. But if the definition is extended, the first was by the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten’s sculptor Bak, who carved a representation of himself and his wife Taheri c. Rembrandt Peale, Portrait of Thomas Jefferson, 1805. The official portrait is a photographic production of record and dissemination of important personalities, notably kings, presidents and governors. It is usually decorated with official colors and symbols such as flag, presidential stripes and coat of arms of countries, states or municipalities.
There is also connotation as an image of events, products and meetings. Portrait photography is a popular commercial industry all over the world. Many people enjoy having professionally made family portraits to hang in their homes, or special portraits to commemorate certain events, such as graduations or weddings. Since the dawn of photography, people have made portraits.
The popularity of the daguerreotype in the middle of the 19th century was due in large part to the demand for inexpensive portraiture. Studios sprang up in cities around the world, some cranking out more than 500 plates a day. As photographic techniques developed, an intrepid group of photographers took their talents out of the studio and onto battlefields, across oceans and into remote wilderness. William Shew’s Daguerreotype Saloon, Roger Fenton’s Photographic Van and Mathew Brady’s What-is-it? In politics, portraits of the leader are often used as a symbol of the state. In most countries it is common protocol for a portrait of the head of state to appear in important government buildings. In literature the term portrait refers to a written description or analysis of a person or thing.
A written portrait often gives deep insight, and offers an analysis that goes far beyond the superficial. The Invention of Art History in Ancient Greece: Religion, Society and Artistic Rationalisation. Moche Portraits from Ancient Peru University of Texas Press, 2004. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Portuguese Almanac of Photography, 1957 edition, Mário Nogueira.
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