Please forward this error screen to dinner. This article social rights and social policy. Theoretical and empirical perspectives PDF written with the collaboration of Sonia Roccas and Lilach Sagiv of the Department of Psychology of The Hebrew University.
Författare: Fabrizio Sciacca.
They have contributed to the development of the research reported here, performed most of the analyses, and critiqued successive versions of the manuscript. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the mind in a social setting. Social psychology is the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others. Social psychologists examine factors that cause behaviors to unfold in a given way in the presence of others. They study conditions under which certain behavior, actions, and feelings occur. Social psychology is concerned with the way these feelings, thoughts, beliefs, intentions, and goals are cognitively constructed and how these mental representations, in turn, influence our interactions with others. Social psychology traditionally bridged the gap between psychology and sociology.
During the years immediately following World War II there was frequent collaboration between psychologists and sociologists. In addition to the split between psychology and sociology, there has been a somewhat less pronounced difference in emphasis between American social psychologists and European social psychologists. United States at the beginning of the 20th century. By that time, though, the discipline had already developed a significant foundation. The first published study in this area was an experiment in 1898 by Norman Triplett, on the phenomenon of social facilitation. During World War II, social psychologists studied persuasion and propaganda for the U.
After the war, researchers became interested in a variety of social problems, including gender issues and racial prejudice. In social psychology, attitudes are defined as learned, global evaluations of a person, object, place, or issue that influence thought and action. Put more simply, attitudes are basic expressions of approval or disapproval, favorability or unfavorability, or as Bem put it, likes and dislikes. Social psychologists have studied attitude formation, the structure of attitudes, attitude change, the function of attitudes, and the relationship between attitudes and behavior.
Because people are influenced by the situation, general attitudes are not always good predictors of specific behavior. For example, for a variety of reasons, a person may value the environment but not recycle a can on a particular day. In recent times, research on attitudes has examined the distinction between traditional, self-reported attitude measures and “implicit” or unconscious attitudes. One hypothesis on how attitudes are formed, first advanced by Abraham Tesser in 1983, is that strong likes and dislikes are ingrained in our genetic make-up. Attitudes are also involved in several other areas of the discipline, such as conformity, interpersonal attraction, social perception, and prejudice.