Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the Roman god. Giove, Supplementa italica Vol. 24 PDF sec dc, con parti simulanti il bronzo moderne 02. Jupiter is usually thought to have originated as an aerial god.
The Romans regarded Jupiter as the equivalent of the Greek Zeus, and in Latin literature and Roman art, the myths and iconography of Zeus are adapted under the name Iuppiter. The Romans believed that Jupiter granted them supremacy because they had honoured him more than any other people had. Jupiter was “the fount of the auspices upon which the relationship of the city with the gods rested. He personified the divine authority of Rome’s highest offices, internal organization, and external relations. Bas-relief of Roman driver in four-horse chariot, facing left. The consuls swore their oath of office in Jupiter’s name, and honoured him on the annual feriae of the Capitol in September. Jupiter’s association with kingship and sovereignty was reinterpreted as Rome’s form of government changed.